(Aug 15, 2019)
Popular for 131 years…
(As a side-note, again and again there are X7b5 chords here, very close to half-diminished but with a higher third (like C E F# Bb.) This was a favorite chord also of Wagner and Mahler, and many others – and also of John Williams.)
Here is a Wiki article that tells how Rimsky-Korsakov composed this:
Here is the story of Scheherazade itself:
Rimsky-Korsakov was a Russian composer who is most famous for writing music that is “programmatic”, meaning that it tells a story.
I’m linking to only the first part here, a legendary recording from early in the stereo age. The name is “The Sea and Sinbad’s Ship”.
You can also find the other three movements on Youtube by the same conductor.
Here is another amazing recording by Stokowski, the amazing conductor who was so famous as the man with the baton in Disney’s “Fantasia”, and this is complete, all four movements. It is my personal favorite recording of this work: