Minor and major intervals

WEDNESDAY, October 9, 2019

Big and small…

2nds, 3rds, 6ths and 7ths all work the same way. They come in big and small sizes, and to start out just play them on white notes. Then listen to them. The big ones have more black notes in between, the small ones less.

2nds…

There are big and small 2nds. The big one is a major 2nd, and the small one is a minor 2nd. The major 2nd is a whole step or whole tone. The small one is a half step or a semi tone. There are alt names, but remember you don’t need them except when you write music, never for playing.

3rds…

There are big and small 3rds. The big one is a major 3rd, and the small one is a minor 3rd. Unfortunately there are no better names. The minor 3rd is three half steps. The major 3rd is 4 half steps or two whole steps. There are, of course, alt names, but we never need them for playing.

6ths…

There are big and small 6ths. The big one is a major 6th, and the small one is a minor 6th. Unfortunately there are no better names. The minor 6th is one half step bigger than a 5th. The major 6th is a whole tone bigger than a 5th. And of course there are alt names.

7ths…

There are big and small 7ths. The big one is a major 7th, and the small one is a minor 7th. Again there are no better names. The minor 7th is one whole step smaller than an octave. The major 7th is one half step smaller than an octave. As with 2nds, 3rds and 7ths, there are alt names used only for writing music.

 

 

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